Scientists are known for making dramatic predictions about the future – and sinister robots are once again in the spotlight now that artificial intelligence has get a marketing tool for all sorts of unlike brands.
At the terminate of Earth War Two, it was stated that flight cars were simply around the corner and that all energy bug would be solved by fusion energy by the cease of the 20th century. But decades on, we don’t seem much closer to either of those predictions coming true.
So what’s with all this talk – fuelled past the likes of space baron, Elon Musk – about robots taking over the world?
Pessimists predict that robots volition jeopardise jobs beyond the globe, and not only in industrial production. They claim robot journalists, robot doctors and robot lawyers volition replace human being experts. And, every bit a outcome of a melting down center class, there will be mass poverty and political instability.
Optimists predict a new paradise where all the ho-hum problems of human relationships can be overcome past having a perfect life with easily replaceable robot partners, which will fulfil our basic needs as well as our deepest longings. And “piece of work” will go an ancient concept.
The pessimists, withal, can relax and the optimists need to cool their boots. As experts in the field of robotics, we believe that robots volition be much more than visible in the future, but – at to the lowest degree over the side by side 2 decades – they will be clearly recognisable as machines.
This is because there is nonetheless a long way to go before robots will be able to match a number of fundamental human being skills. Here are five reasons why robots aren’t well-nigh to take over the world.
1. Human being-like easily
Scientists are far from replicating the complication of man hands. The easily of robots that are used today in real applications are clumsy. The more sophisticated hands developed in labs are non robust plenty and lack the dexterity of human hands.
2. Tactile perception
In that location is no technical lucifer for the magnificent human being and animal skin that encompasses a variety of tactile sensors. This perception is required for complex manipulation. Also, the software that processes the input from the sensors in robots is nowhere near equally sophisticated as the human being encephalon when it comes to estimation and reaction to the messages received from the tactile sensors.
3. Control of manipulation
Even if we had artificial hands comparable to human being hands and sophisticated artificial skin, we would still need to be able to design a way to control them to dispense objects in a human-like mode. Human children take years to do this and the learning mechanisms are not understood.
four. Human being and robot interaction
The interaction between humans is built on well-operation speech and object recognition systems, too equally other sensors such as smell and taste and tactile sensing. While there has been meaning progress in voice communication and object recognition, today’due south systems can still but be used in rather controlled environments when a loftier caste of performance is required.
5. Homo reason
Not all of what is technically possible needs to be built. Human being reason could decide not to fully develop such robots, because of their potential damage to society. If, in many decades from now, the technical issues mentioned above are overcome so that complex human-like robots could be built, regulations could still prevent misuse.
Smooth out the edges
In our research projection, SMOOTH, nosotros pattern robots that we promise will operate in elderly intendance institutions by 2022. These robots will be used to solve repetitive tasks involving human and robot interaction, such every bit transporting laundry and waste, offering water to people or guiding them to the breakfast table.
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It was necessary to simplify the robots besides as to advisedly select the tasks they perform to ensure that they can be commercially feasible products within four years.
Our approach wasn’t to solve the first three problems of homo-like hands, tactile perception and command of manipulation, but to avoid those robotic roadblocks.
To accost the fourth problem of human and robot interaction, we chose repetitive tasks to reduce complexity, since the expected interactions are – to a certain degree – predictable.
Robots are a reality today in industry and they will appear in public spaces in more complex shapes than robot vacuum cleaners. But in the next two decades, robots will not exist human-like, fifty-fifty if they might look similar humans. Instead they will remain sophisticated machines.
So you can stand down from whatsoever fear of a robot uprising in the nigh hereafter.