Esta Vs Este – Which Is Correct?

ESTA vs ESTE – Which is Correct?

Introduction

When it comes to learning Spanish, one of the most basic things you need to know is the difference between the words “esta” and “este”. These two words can be confusing for Spanish learners, especially for those who are just starting to learn the language. In this article, we will discuss the difference between “esta” and “este” and when to use them.

What Does “Esta” Mean?

“Esta” is a Spanish demonstrative adjective that is used to refer to something feminine that is close to the speaker. For example, “esta casa” means “this house” and “esta mesa” means “this table”. It is important to remember that “esta” always agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies.

What Does “Este” Mean?

“Este” is also a Spanish demonstrative adjective, but it is used to refer to something masculine that is close to the speaker. For example, “este libro” means “this book” and “este coche” means “this car”. Like “esta”, “este” also agrees in gender and number with the noun it modifies.

When to Use “Esta” and “Este”

The main difference between “esta” and “este” is the gender of the noun they modify. “Esta” is used to refer to something feminine and “este” is used to refer to something masculine. In addition, both “esta” and “este” are used to refer to something that is close to the speaker.

For example, if you are pointing at a table that is close to you and you want to say “this table”, you would use “esta mesa” because “mesa” is a feminine noun. On the other hand, if you want to say “this book” while pointing at a book that is close to you, you would use “este libro” because “libro” is a masculine noun.

Other Uses of “Esta” and “Este”

“Esta” and “este” can also be used as pronouns. In this case, they replace the noun they modify. For example, instead of saying “esta mesa es bonita”, you can say “esta es bonita”, using “esta” as a pronoun.

Conclusion

Learning the difference between “esta” and “este” is essential for Spanish learners. By understanding when to use each word, you can communicate more effectively in Spanish. Remember that “esta” is used to refer to something feminine that is close to the speaker, while “este” is used to refer to something masculine that is close to the speaker. With practice, you’ll be able to use these two words correctly and confidently.

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