Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by extreme highs and lows in mood, energy and behavior. It is a serious mental illness that can have a major impact on a person’s life. Symptoms of bipolar disorder can range from mild to severe, and can vary from person to person.
The main symptoms of bipolar disorder are changes in mood and behavior. These changes can manifest in various forms, including depression, mania, and mixed episodes. People with bipolar disorder can experience periods of intense depression and periods of extreme high energy and productivity, known as mania.
Symptoms of Bipolar Depression
People with bipolar disorder can experience episodes of depression. During this period, they may have a persistently low mood, a lack of energy, and a decreased interest in activities they used to enjoy. Other symptoms of depression associated with bipolar disorder include feelings of worthlessness or guilt, difficulty concentrating, changes in appetite, loss of interest in sex, and thoughts of death or suicide.
Symptoms of Bipolar Mania
During episodes of mania, people with bipolar disorder may feel unusually energized and productive. They may also experience a decreased need for sleep and an increase in their goal-directed activity. Other symptoms of mania associated with bipolar disorder include racing thoughts, excessive talking, and engaging in risky behaviors.
Symptoms of Mixed Episodes
People with bipolar disorder may also experience mixed episodes. During these periods, they may experience symptoms of both depression and mania at the same time. Symptoms of mixed episodes can include an increase in energy levels and goal-directed activities, along with feelings of sadness, guilt, and suicidal thoughts.
What Causes Bipolar Disorder?
The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown. However, it is believed to be caused by a combination of biological, genetic, and environmental factors. For example, people who have a family history of bipolar disorder are at an increased risk of developing the condition. Other factors that may increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder include a history of substance abuse, traumatic life events, and certain medical conditions.
How Is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of bipolar disorder, it is important to seek medical help. A doctor or mental health professional can diagnose bipolar disorder based on a physical exam, a psychological evaluation, and a review of symptoms and family history. After diagnosis, the doctor may recommend a treatment plan that may include medication, psychotherapy, or lifestyle changes.
Where To Get Help For Bipolar Disorder?
If you are experiencing symptoms of bipolar disorder, it is important to seek help from a qualified mental health professional. There are many resources available to support people with bipolar disorder, including support groups, online resources, and mental health treatment centers. Additionally, if you or someone you know is in crisis, there are also resources available to provide emergency assistance.
Bipolar disorder is a serious mental health condition that can have a major impact on a person’s life. Symptoms of bipolar disorder can range from mild to severe and include changes in mood, energy, and behavior. It is important to seek help from a qualified mental health professional if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of bipolar disorder. There are many resources available to provide support and treatment for people with bipolar disorder.